Hewn or squared stone; also, masonry made of squared or hewn stone.
In the United States especially, a thin facing of squared and dressed stone upon a wall of rubble or brick.
Square-edged stonework with even faces. (Kenyon, John R. Medieval Fortifications, 211) Worked stone, masonry or squared stones in regular courses. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 409)
The best grade of stone masonry with square edges and even faces.
large square or rectangular block of stone cut to function as a building block
squared stones, or sometimes wood shaped to look like squared stones that faces a building
Large squared blocks of stone. Also frequently used for cut-stone masonry.
Cut stone with even faces and squared edges, which are laid in horizontal courses. â€œRandomâ€ ashlar uses stones of varying sizes which interlock but do not form continuous horizontal or vertical courses. â€œCoursedâ€ ashlar is cut to a regular size but the finish has a rough texture.
A flat surface generally square or rectangular having sawed or dressed beds of joints. A pattern where the stone is square or rectangular in shape, typically used as a wall facing. . Random Ashlar – Stone is cut rectangular (usually sawn) and heights are cut to fixed dimensions so that they fit together in a pattern. . Ashlar Rubble – Stone shapes are roughly rectangular and heights are random which produces a more rustic wall. Coursed Ashlar – Stone is cut rectangular but laid so that stones of equal height are adjacent to each other (i.e. in courses). Horizontal joints run the length of the wall but vertical joints are broken so that no two joints are over one another.
Square cut stone used as a facing on a rubble or brick wall (an expensive building finish)
( ASH·lar). A squared or rectangular cut building stone, cut more or less true on all faces, so as to permit laying of the stones in horizontal courses with very thin mortar joints.
The practice of laying stone in smooth cut - or dressed - blocks in regular courses, seperated by only the thinnest of joints. Originated by the ancient Egyptians and adopted as an important element of classical architecture.
Squared stone used for facing of a structure or masonry of such stones
A stone which is cut in squares and used both as a facing for masonry walls and in foundations.
a rectangular block of hewn stone used for building
Building stone that has been smooth cut, or dressed, into squared or rectangular blocks.
Squared blocks of smooth stone neatly trimmed to shape.
a traditional, hand cut stone which forms the foundation
Masonry consisting of stone cut into rectangular blocks.
Square or rectangular cut stones, uniform in size and shape and laid horizontally.
Large square block of stone usually used as quoins on the outer corners of buildings decorated with rustication.
Smooth dressed horizontally coursed stone masonry.
Accurately shaped, rectangular-cut stone unit also referred to as â€œcut stoneâ€.
Stone that has been squared and laid in regular courses with fine joints. Render on the external walls of Victorian buildings was often ruled to imitate this, while weatherboards were sometimes similarly imitative, (ashlar boards).
Stonework that is cut on four sides so that the adjoining sides will be at right angles to each other, no matter whether the face is dressed or not. Coursed Ashlar: ashlar set to form continuous horizontal joints. Coursed broken-bond ashlar– ashlar of random shape and size are set in full horizontal courses, but with a variety of sizes of vertical mortar points. Stacked Ashlar: ashlar set to form continuous vertical joints. Random Ashlar: ashlar set with stones of varying length and height so that neither vertical or horizontal joints are continuous.
Squared building stone laid in parallel courses
squared and regular masonry finish. External plasters/renders are often applied with a smooth and plain face marked and scribed to imitate the block form of Ashlar masonry.
The outer part of a wall, such as in castle or town fortifications. It was made of squared blocks of smooth stone, neatly trimmed into shape.
Finely dressed natural stone: the best grade of masonry.
masonry wrought to an even face and square edges.
Block-shaped building stones, cut and dressed, frequently with drafted margins.
a large rectangular building stone
Stone masonry units which have been squared and surface-finished smooth.
Cut, squared building stone finely dressed on all sides adjacent to other stones. Requires only very thin mortar joints. Random ashlar uses rectangular stones in discontinuous courses. Coursed ashlar uses rectangular stones of the same height in each horizontal course, but each course may vary in height. Broken rangework arranges ashlar units into horizontal courses of varying heights, which may be divided into horizontal groups at various intervals.
A squared and finished building stone.
A squared block of building stone; masonry of such stone; a thin, dressed rectangle of stone for facing walls.
smooth square stones laid in a horizontal fashion; used for foundations or facing of masonry walls. (IMAGE)
Worked stone with flat surface, usually of regular shape and square edges.
Hewn and squared stone ready for construction purposes
Stone that has been cut square and dressed.
A term for hewn or squared stones in contradistinction to rubble work; it is generally used for facings and set in horizontal courses and bears various names according to the manner in which it is worked such as Plain Ashlar, Tooled Ashlar, Rustic Ashlar etc.
Flat units square or rectangle in size, bonded and laid in mortar. : American Society for Testing and Materials.
Dressed stonework of any type, where the blocks have squared sides, carefully squared corners, and are laid in regular courses, usually with fine joints. The faces of the stones, called ashlars, are generally smooth and polished, but can be tooled. The picture on the left is Ashlar as opposed to rough stone on the right.
Stones hewn and squared for use in building, as distinguished from rough stones.
Squared stone used in building facings, foundations and sidewalks, which is precisely cut and can be used with thin mortar joints.
Ashlar is dressed stone work of any type of stone. Ashlar blocks are large rectangular blocks of masonry sculpted to have square edges and even faces. The blocks are generally 13 or 15 inches square, when smaller than 11 inches they are usually called "small ashlar".