A formal inquiry designed to prove and put upon record the blameless characters of judges, advocates and jurors. In order to effect this purpose it is necessary to supply a contrast in the person of one who is called the defendant, the prisoner, or the accused. If the contrast is made sufficiently clear this person is made to undergo such an affliction as will give the virtuous gentlemen a comfortable sense of their immunity, added to that of their worth. In our day the accused is usually a human being, or a socialist, but in mediaeval times, animals, fishes, reptiles and insects were brought to trial. A beast that had taken human life, or practiced sorcery, was duly arrested, tried and, if condemned, put to death by the public executioner. Insects ravaging grain fields, orchards or vineyards were cited to appeal by counsel before a civil tribunal, and after testimony, argument and condemnation, if they continued _in contumaciam_ the matter was taken to a high ecclesiastical court, where they were solemnly excommunicated and anathematized. In a street of Toledo, some pigs that had wickedly run between the viceroy's legs, upsetting him, were arrested on a warrant, tried and punished. In Naples and ass was condemned to be burned at the stake, but the sentence appears not to have been executed. D'Addosio relates from the court records many trials of pigs, bulls, horses, cocks, dogs, goats, etc., greatly, it is believed, to the betterment of their conduct and morals. In 1451 a suit was brought against the leeches infesting some ponds about Berne, and the Bishop of Lausanne, instructed by the faculty of Heidelberg University, directed that some of "the aquatic worms" be brought before the local magistracy. This was done and the leeches, both present and absent, were ordered to leave the places that they had infested within three days on pain of incurring "the malediction of God." In the voluminous records of this _cause celebre_ nothing is found to show whether the offenders braved the punishment, or departed forthwith out of that inhospitable jurisdiction.
Examination by a test; experiment, as in chemistry, metallurgy, etc.
The state of being tried or tempted; exposure to suffering that tests strength, patience, faith, or the like; affliction or temptation that exercises and proves the graces or virtues of men.
The formal examination of the matter in issue in a cause before a competent tribunal; the mode of determining a question of fact in a court of law; the examination, in legal form, of the facts in issue in a cause pending before a competent tribunal, for the purpose of determining such issue.
This word is commonly used to cover all legal proceedings. However, more exactly it refers to a criminal case which is heard by a judge and jury.
a hearing that takes place when the accused pleads "not guilty" and witnesses give evidence in court
a proceeding or hearing of evidence in a court having jurisdiction over the persons, entities, and subject matter for a determination of all issues between the parties based upon the applicable substantive law
The stage of civil litigation where evidence is presented in court for the tribunal to decide the case "on the merits."
Any examination of facts to determine an outcome, judged by an individual with the legal authority to do so.
The examination in a court of the issues of fact and law in a case for the purpose of reaching a judgment of conviction or acquittal of the defendants.
The legal proceeding which makes a judgment regarding the facts and issues of a case.
When the charge stated in the petition is denied by the child and not dismissed by the juvenile court, the judge hears and decides the case. Jury trials are not held in juvenile court. Home | About Maine SAC | 2004 Data Book | Reports| Projects | Events Links | References & Definitions | Contact Maine SAC | Staff | Site Map Maine Statistical Analysis Center
The hearing and determination of issues of fact and law, in accordance with prescribed legal procedures, in order to reach a disposition. Can be either (1) a bench trial, i.e., a court trial that is heard and decided by a judge, or (2) a jury trial, i.e., a court trial that is heard and decided by a jury, which usually consists of 12 people.
An adversarial proceeding where a defendant's guilt or innocence can be impartially determined.
A hearing for presenting physical and testimonial evidence to a judge or jury for a determination of whether an accused is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt or not guilty of the crime(s) charged. A defendant may be found guilty of all, some, or none of the charges. If the defendant is found guilty, he/she can then be sentenced for that crime by the judge at that time or at a later hearing; if the defendant is found not guilty of a crime, the charge is dismissed.
A hearing in court when all evidence is heard and a final decision is madeâ€¢ Civil Courtsâ€¢ Criminal Courtsâ€¢ Duty Lawyerâ€¢ Family Court Proceduresâ€¢ Peace & Good Behaviour Ordersâ€¢ Prisonersâ€¢ Victims of Crime
In San Diego DUI cases, a twelve person jury or one person judge will decide whether a drunk driving defendant is guilty or not guilty of DUI related charges. San Diego DUI trials typically last between 1 and 3 days.
An examination of issues of fact and law before a judge and sometimes a jury at which the evidence is presented to determine whether or not the accused person is guilty of committing a specific crime.
The presentation of evidence in court to a trier of facts who applies the applicable law to those facts and then decides the case
(law) legal proceedings consisting of the judicial examination of issues by a competent tribunal; "most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial"
(law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law; "he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty"
a dance of thoughts, feelings, emotions but most of all facts
a formal and structured court hearing, held in a courtroom, where you and the Respondent (or your lawyers) will each present your evidence and the judge will make decisions about the issues you and the Respondent cannot agree upon
a formal hearing in a courtroom with a judge
a formal occasion
a judicial examination of issues in an action, whether of law or fact
a long and arduous process involving testimony of mental health professionals and any and all other witnesses that each party wishes to call
an adversary proceeding in which the prosecutor must present evidence to prove the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
an adversary proceeding, that is, a contest between opponents
an orderly method for determining the facts of a dispute, applying the law to those facts, and deciding the case
a proceeding in which the Prosecutor and/or the State of Ohio will try to convince the court that you have committed the criminal violation with which you have been charged
a process conducted in a Court before a Judge and (usually) a Jury in which the participants meet in order to decide a Case
a process whereby your story is told in accordance with the rules of evidence to a court and jury, and the court and jury decide which side should be the winner
a public event, and the filed records of court proceedings are public records available for public examination
a public process where each party tells its own side of the case to a judge who makes a binding decision
a structured proceeding based on the adversary process, an open battle between opposing lawyers that is assumed to be the best way to discover the truth
a theatrical performance in which each side seeks to persuade the judge or jury by means of a play which passes from fact to metaphor
the proceeding at which parties in a civil case, or the government and the defense in a criminal case, produce evidence for consideration by a factfinder in court. The factfinder, who may be a judge or a jury, applies the law to the facts as it finds them and decides whether the defendant is guilty in a criminal case or which party should win in a civil case.
A multi-stage legal proceeding presided over by a judge, in which the parties are represented by attorneys who, through the presentation of evidence, attempt to prove their respective cases.
a proceeding, either civil or criminal, in court, where the law and evidence are reviewed, and the guilt, liability, or other issues are determined by jury or judge.
A formal proceeding to decide a case by a court of law. A verdict of guilty, not guilty or Not Criminally Responsible (NCR) will be determined at a trial.
A criminal proceeding held in a court to examine the facts and laws in a case for the purpose of reaching a judgment of conviction or acquittal of the defendant.
ultimate presentation of the litigation before the judge, with each side presenting evidence and calling witnesses to the stand.
Judicial examination and determination of issues between parties by a judge with or without a jury.
The victims and witnesses will be notified by an advocate or Assistant District Attorney in addition to receiving subpoenas to appear in court. In some case, additional hearings, conference, or case status reviews will be scheduled before the trial date. The Commonwealth, represented by the Assistant District Attorney presents its evidence first. Commonwealth witnesses are questioned by an Assistant District Attorney and then cross examined by the defense attorney. The defendant may or may not choose to present evidence on his or her behalf. If the defendant decides to present evidence the Assistant District Attorney has the right to cross examine defense witnesses including the defendant. After all the evidence has been presented the judge will decide whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. If the defendant is found guilty the Judge will impose the sentence.
The formal examination of the facts of a case by a court of law.
A court proceeding before a judge or jury at which evidence is presented to persuade the judge or jury that the accused committed the crime.
The examination of an issue before a Court of law; in a criminal case, the defendant must be proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. A trial may take place before a judge and a jury or just a judge.
judicial examination and determination of legal and factual issues between the parties to an action. Maybe civil or criminal. In a trial by jury the jury decides questions of fact with the judge determining the law to be applied. In a trial by judge, he/she decides both the facts and the law to be applied.
A proceeding at which evidence is presented to a judge or jury who then decides whether the defendant committed the crimes charged.
A contested hearing held in court which is presided over by a judge, referee or commissioner where evidence can be offered, including testimony, documents and demonstrations.
Six person jury or one person judge decides whether defendant is guilty or not guilty. DUI cases usually take between 1 and 3 days.
the examination of facts and law presided over by a judge with authority to hear the matter.
A court's process of resolving a dispute according to the applicable laws and evidence presented. (An appeal can occur after a decision is reached at trial.)
the final hearing in court to decide the issues in the case.
A judicial examination of issues between parties to an action.
Proceedings in open court after the pleadings are finished, from jury selection to presentation of evidence and arguments, concluding with a verdict or judgment.
The formal legal process in which the court (judge) receives evidence and testimony to enable him or her to decide in a dispute between two parties.
The presentation of information in a formal setting, usually a court
A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
This refers to a case that may be set before a jury or before a Judge alone.
The hearing of a case at which the court considers the evidence (oral, written and physical), hears the legal argument and gives a judgment.
The court proceeding in which the District Attorney, or an Assistant District Attorney, presents the case for the State, attempting to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime as charged. The defendant may present proof to dispute the State's claim. Usually the defendant chooses whether a judge or a twelve person petit jury will decide the case.
A formal proceeding before a judge in which each party's attorney presents his or her case, supported by testimony from witnesses or other evidence.
The formal presentation of evidence and arguments when a person is accused of a crime.
A court proceeding during which a judge or jury decides whether a person is guilty or not guilty of the charges against him or her.
The hearing of evidence in a case. United Nations An inter-governmental organisation of 185 members whose principal function is to maintain world peace. Verdict The decision of a jury in matters submitted to it in a trial. Warrant Written authority, usually from a court, authorising that certain action may be taken, e.g. to search, to arrest.
a court proceeding where testimony is presented to a Judge or a jury to determine if the defendant is guilty of committing the crime(s).
A formal examination of the facts and law in a civil or criminal action before a court of law.
A court appearance where the evidence is presented, and your guilt or innocence is decided by 6 jurors in a jury trial, or a judge in the case of a bench trial.
The legal proceeding in which the Court decides if the allegations in the petition are true or not. Each side will present its own witnesses and question the witnesses on the other side. The Court will weigh the evidence and either find the allegations of the petition to be true or not true. Read More.
A court proceeding before a judge or a jury at which evidence is presented to decide whether or not the accused committed the crime.
the formal examination of a legal controversy in court so as to determine the issue
Formal presentation of facts to a court or jury in order to reach a legal decision.
the area of law that focuses on the judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties.
A judicial examination, in accordance with law of the land, of a cause, either civil or criminal, of the issues between the parties, whether of law or fact, before a court that has jurisdiction over it. In its strict definition, the word "trial" in criminal procedure means the proceedings in open court after the pleadings are finished and the prosecution is otherwise ready, down to and including the rendition of the verdict.
In legal parlance, a trial is an event in which parties to a dispute present information (in the form of evidence) in a formal setting, usually a court, before a judge, jury, or other designated finder of fact, in order to achieve a resolution to their dispute.