"Night of broken glass," November 9, 1938, pogrom against German Jews, Jewish businesses and synagogues orchestrated by the Gestapo in retaliation for the assassination of a minor German embassy official in Paris by a 17 year-old Jewish youth named Herchel Grynzspan. 7,500 businesses and 101 synagogues were destroyed, almost 100 Jews were killed and several thousand were arrested and sent to concentration camps. The beginning of the Holocaust.
German for "Night of Broken Glass." A mass pogrom of Nazi violence against Jews, their stores and syangogues on November 9-10, 1938. Aside from looting and destruction of property, about 35,000 Jewish men were sent to labor camps. 35 people were killed.
"Night of Broken Glass" - On November 9-10, 1938 the Nazis initiated a pogrom against Jews in retaliation for the assassination of Ernst vom Rath.
"Night of the broken glass" involving anti-Jewish violence in early November 1938, carried out by SA men set off by the killing of a German official by a Jew. 35,000 were arrested and 35 killed. There was international outrage.
November 9-10, 1938 "the night of broken glass"; Nazi rampage in which synagogues were burned, 7,000 Jewish businesses were burned, and approximately 100 Jews were killed, and 30,000 Jewish males were sent to concentration camps.
The "Night of Broken Glass" during which Jews and Jewish institutions were attacked throughout Germany and Austria. The state supported terroristic action (pogrom) took place on November 9-10, 1938.
German term for "Night of Broken Glass," which took place in Germany and Austria on November 9 and 10, 1938. Nazi police smashed Jewish synagogues, houses, and shops. This event signaled the beginning of the Nazi effort to exterminate the Jewish people.
November 9, 1938, the night of broken glasss; many Jewish owned businesses vandalized, and synagogues burned. (Jews were arrested, degraded, and killed.)
"Night of Broken Glass," or "Night of Crystal," more correctly termed the "November Pogroms. " November 9-10, 193 8, a night of Nazi-planned terror throughout Germany and Austria, when Jews were attacked and arrested and their property destroyed.
Nightof the broken glass." Using the shooting of a minor German official in Paris, Ernst vom Rath, by a young Jewish student, the Nazis, organized and led by SA men all over Germany, carried out three nights of attacks against Jews, Jewish homes, synagogues and businesses. The Nazis smashed, burned and looted. Over 35,000 Jews were arrested and taken into 'Protective Custody" and sent to concentration camps for days or weeks; many were beaten in the streets; about 35 were killed. This was the last pogrom in Germany, and it took place on November 9-11, 1938. Among the results were the enormous claims filed by Germans against German insurance companies; openly Fostile publicity from foreign reporters who observed the anti-Jewish riots; protests from foreign ministries including the United States. President Roosevelt temporarily withdrew the American Ambassador to Germany. The Jews were charged a billion mark penalty to pay for the damages and the event was followed by a series of anti-Jewish laws.
the "Night of the Broken Glass," that infamous day in Nazi Germany in November 1938 when synagogues were broken into and Jewish store fronts were shattered and vandalized. p. 111
Also known as "The Night of the Broken Glass." On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps. This pogrom received its name because of the great value of glass that was smashed during this anti-Jewish riot. Riots took place throughout Germany and Austria on that night.
This term refers to the “Night of Broken Glass” or the November Pogrom. This was a display of Nazi violence against the Jewish stores and synagogues on November 9-10, 1938. In addition to the widespread looting and destruction of Jewish property throughout Germany and Austria, approximately 26,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to labor camps.
"Crystal Night" or "Night of Broken Glass": Name for anti-Jewish attacks organized by the Nazis in Germany and Austria which took place over November 9th and 10th, 1938
Also known as "night of broken glass," Crystal Night or the November 1938 pogrom. This pogrom against Jewish synagogues and businesses as well as organized vandalism against Jewish homes was unleashed in Germany and Austria on November 9-10, 1938. More than 28,000 Jewish men were arrested and deported to concentration camps, several thousand German Jewish women were held in municipal jails, and 91 Jews were killed in the violence.
Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht (the Nazi term), Novemberpogrome, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom"'German Mobs' Vengeance on Jews," The Daily Telegraph, November 11, 1938, cited in Gilbert, Martin. Kristallnacht: Prelude to Destruction. Harper Collins, 2006, p. 42. against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–10, 1938.