City in incorporated western Poland, renamed Litzmannstadt, where the first major ghetto was created in April 1940. By September 1941, the ghetto's population faced severe overcrowding. In October 1941, 20,000 Jews from Germany, Austria, and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia were deported to the Lodz ghetto. A separate section of the ghetto was set up for approximately 5,000 Austrian Roma and Sinti. During 1942 and June-July 1944, there were massive deportations from Lodz to the killing center in Chelmno. In August-September 1944, the ghetto was dissolved and the remaining 60,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz.
A city in Western Poland which contained the first ghetto in April 1940, originally holding about 140,000 people in 1.6 square miles, and then an additional 20,000 German and Austrian Jews which were sent there in October 1941. Most were deported and exterminated at Chelmno, until the ghetto was liquidated in September 1944, and the remaining 60,000 were sent to Auschwitz.
a large city of central Poland
A West Polish city that was home to the first major ghetto in April 1940. 144,000 people lived in 1.6 square miles in September 1941. After growing in size with immigrants from conquered lands, many were sent to Chelmno and in1944 the ghetto was liquidated and the remaining Jews sent to Auschwitz.
Before World War II, a major industrial city in western Poland with a Jewish population second only to Warsaw's. In April 1940, the first major ghetto was created there. Some 43,500 persons died in the Lodz ghetto from starvation, disease, and exposure to cold. Thousands more taken from the ghetto were killed by gassing at Chelmno. In August-September 1944, the 60,000 remaining Jews were sent to Auschwitz.
Before WW II, a major industrial city in western Poland with a large Jewish population, second only to Warsaw's. In April, 1940, the first major ghetto created by the Germans was at Lodz. Some 43,000 persons died in that ghetto from starvation, disease, and exposure to the cold. Thousands more were taken from the ghetto to be gassed at Chelmno. In August-September, 1944, the 60,000 remaining Jews were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau for extermination.
A Polish city that became the site of the first major ghetto in April 1940. Many Jews from other lands were also sent to Lodz. At first, approximately 144,000 Jews lived in 1.6 square miles. mischling: This was an official term used by the Nazi regime to describe individuals who had mixed German Jewish ancestory.