Definitions for "Orographic"
Of or pertaining to orography.
Precipitation Is precipitation that forms when air is forced to rise because of the physical presence of elevated land. As the parcel rises it cools as a result of adiabatic expansion at a rate of approximately 10° Celsius per 1,000 meters until saturation. The large amounts of precipitation along the west coast of Canada are due mainly to this process.
Relating to mountains and mountain effects. Often refers to influences of mountains or mountain ranges on airflow, but also used to describe effects on other meteorological quantities such as temperature, humidity, or precipitation distribution. A major effect is orographic lifting.