Definitions for "Cladogram"
Related Terms: Phenogram, Phylogenetic tree, Phylogeny, Phylogenetic, Cladistics, Cladogenesis, Clade, Anagenesis, Outgroup, Paraphyletic, Polyphyletic, Phenetics, Symplesiomorphy, Pedigree, Monophyletic, Ingroup, Dendrogram, Monophyletic group, Taxon, Parsimony, Taxa, Lineage, Bloodline, Operational taxonomic unit, Common ancestor, Synapomorphy, Order, Stasis, Maximum parsimony, Pedigree chart, Ancestral, Neighbor-joining, Branch, Convergent evolution, Genera, Apomorphy, Plesiomorphy, Throwback, Genus, Unrooted tree, Breed, Macroevolution, Divergent evolution, Species, Variety, Homoplasy, Rank, Subtype, Ancestry
A dendrogram depicting the hypothesised branching order of a number of sequences. Cladograms do not give any indication of temporal change, unlike a phylogram which does.
A graphic representation that portrays or attempts to portray the evolutionary relationships among a number of populations, species, or higher taxa.
A tree that depicts inferred historical branching relationships among entities. Unless otherwise stated, the depicted branch lengths in a cladogram are arbitrary; only the branching order is significant.
A tree-like diagram showing evolutionary relationships. Any two branch tips sharing the same immediate node are most closely related. All taxa that can be traced directly to one node (that is they are "upstream of a node") are said to be members of a monophyletic group.
a dichotomous phylogenetic tree which branches repeatedly and depicts the classification of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.
An evolutionary tree constructed using the cladistic system.
Diagram showing relatedness of clades to one another; serves as a visual display of a hypothesis on evolutionary relationships between clades.
A Cladogram is a branching diagram ( tree) assumed to be an estimate of a phylogeny where the branches are of equal length, thus cladograms show common ancestry, but do not indicate the amount of evolutionary "time" separating taxa.
A branching diagram that shows how particular organisms are grouped into clades. The features that define the clades may also be shown.
a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships
a branching diagram that depicts a particular hypothesis of phylogenetic relationship
a branching diagram that depicts species divergence from common ancestors
a branching diagram that illustrates hypothesized
a branching tree showing shared characteristics
a branching tree which diagrammatically displays similarities, differences and time patterns (evolvement)
a diagram showing relationships among species based on shared, derived characters
a hierarchical dendrogram, with the divergent points designating clades (evolutionary branches in an organisms phylogeny)
a network which links many one-to-many-mappings so that the final result looks almost like a tree with one stem becoming a few main branches, they themselves forking into many secondary branches, etc
a stylized diagram that looks like a series of Y's or forks in a road
a visual reconstruction of the evolutionary history of a group of animals, based on the distribution of newly evolved ("advanced") features
a dichotomous phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly, suggesting a classification of organisms based on the sequence in which evolutionary branches arise; a nested diagram of synapomorphies indicating relations between groups; each point of branching represents divergence from a common ancestor more
An evolutionary family tree that shows relationships over time between individuals.
A branching diagram that illustrates hypotheses about the evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms. Cladograms can be considered as a special type of phylogenetic tree that concentrates on the order in which different groups branched off from their common ancestors. A cladogram branches like a family tree, with the most closely related species on adjacent branches.
A branching diagram (tree) assumed to be an estimate of a phylogeny (cf. phylogram, dendrogram, phenogram).
A diagram, resulting from a cladistic analysis, which depicts a hypothetical branching sequence of lineages leading to the taxa under consideration. The points of branching within a cladogram are called nodes. All taxa occur at the endpoints of the cladogram.
also called dendrogram -- tree gram showing degree of relatedness between organic entities
A graphic hypothesis of the phylogeny of a group of organisms, based on the distribution of synapomorphies in the group. Unless other information is added, the sequence of branch points, which represent cladogenesis, is the only information portrayed.
A branching diagram illustrating the evolutionary relationships of organisms.
Cladograms are branching diagrams that depict species divergence from common ancestors. They show the distribution and origins of shared characteristics. Cladograms are testable hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships.